Infertility is fundamentally the inability to conceive a baby. Infertility also refers to the state of a woman who is unable
to carry a pregnancy to full term. There are many biological causes of infertility, including some that medical intervention
can treat. Infertility has increased and the incidence is around 15 % in married couples, and problems increases with increase
in age. About 40 percent of the issues involved with infertility are due to the man, another.
40 percent due to the woman and 20 percent result from complications with both partners.
A counsellor can help a couple or an individual feel less alone and can assist people with finding ways to cope with the emotional hurt of infertility. People may decide to talk with a counsellor at different points of their experience.
1. When first seeking assistance to become pregnant
2. When wondering what could help
3. When preparing to begin a particular treatment such as IVF
4. When undecided as to what to do
5. At times of particular crisis
6. When the stress and strain feel too much
7. If a pregnancy is not on-going
8. If difficulties occur in relationships 9. When looking at alternative ways to form a family or to stop treatment
10. When seeking more information
11. When needing to prepare for applications for approval to the national ethics committee on assisted reproductive technologies
12. When thinking about being a donor or a surrogate, or about using these services
As per World Health Organization defines infertility as :
“Infertility is Inability to conceive a child. A couple may be considered infertile if, after two years of regular sexual intercourse, without contraception, the woman has not become pregnant (and there is no other reason, such as breastfeeding or postpartum amenorrhea). Primary infertility is infertility in a couple who have never had a child. Secondary infertility is failure to conceive following a previous pregnancy. Infertility may be caused by infection in the man or woman, but often there is no obvious underlying cause.”
A couple that tries unsuccessfully to have a child after a certain period of time (often a short period, but definitions vary) is sometimes said to be subfertility, meaning less fertile than a typical couple. Both infertility and subfertility are defined as the inability to conceive after a certain period of time (the length of which vary), so often the two terms overlap.